Chủ đề tiếp theo được Langgo lựa chọn trong chuỗi bài viết IELTS Vocabulary đó là chủ đề “Business”. Cùng học từ vựng IELTS chủ đề Business để chuẩn bị thi thật tốt nhé! Chúc các bạn học tốt!
I. Từ vựng IELTS chủ đề Business
- to balance the books: to not spend more money than you are earning: không tiêu vượt mức kiếm được
- to be self-employed: to work for yourself/to not work for an employer: tự làm chủ
- to cold call: to make a sales call to someone without asking them for permission first: cuộc gọi bán hàng không thông báo trước
- cut throat competition: when one company lowers its prices, forcing other companies to do the same, sometimes to a point where business becomes unprofitable: cạnh tranh bằng cách giảm giá xuống mức thấp khiến đối thủ cũng phải giảm, đôi khi ở mức không còn lãi.
- to do market research: to do research into what potential customers would or wouldn’t buy: nghiên cứu thị trường
- to draw up a business plan: to write a plan for a new business: lên kế hoạch kinh doanh
- to drum up business: to try to get customers: câu khách
- to earn a living: to earn money: kiếm sống
- to go bust/ to go under: when a business is forced to close because it is unsuccessful: buộc phải đóng cửa
- cash flow: the money coming in and going out of a business: dòng tiền
- to go into business with: to join another person to start or expand a business: tham gia kinh doanh cùng
- to go it alone: to start your own business: tự kinh doanh
- to have a web presence: to have a website or social media profile that showcases your business: có website để giới thiệu sản phẩm
- to launch a product: to start selling and promoting a new product: giới thiệu sản phẩm
- to lay someone off: when a company ends an employee’s contract of employment: cho thôi việc
- lifestyle business: a business that is set up to bring in a sufficient income and no more: kinh doanh cá thể
- to make a profit: to earn more money than it costs to run the business: có lợi nhuận
- niche business: a business that serves a small, particular market: kinh doanh trong thị trường ngách
- to raise a company profile: to make more people aware of a business: tạo thương hiệu công ty
- to run your own business: to have a business of your own: tự kinh doanh
- sales figures: a report of the income a company generates through sales of products or services: báo cáo doanh số
- to set up a business: to start a business: bắt đầu kinh doanh
- stiff competition: strong competition from other companies in the same area of work: đối thủ mạnh
- to take on employees: to employ people: thuê nhân viên
- to take out a loan: to borrow money: đi vay tiền
- to win a contract: when a business gets legally-binding work with an individual or company: giành được hợp đồng
- to work for yourself: (see ‘to be self-employed’): tự làm chủ
II. Từ vựng chủ đề Business mô phỏng trong IELTS Speaking
Part 1-style questions
Examiner: Do you work or are you a student?
Hati: I run my own business actually … I have an online business selling cosmetics … I set up the business 5 years ago and I’m really enjoying working for myself …
Examiner: What is your ideal job?
Kaori: I don’t think I’d enjoy working for a big company … I think I’d like to go it alone and be self-employed … I’m not sure what area of business it would be but I think I’d enjoy the process of drawing up a business plan and seeing if I could be successful …
Examiner: Is your town a nice place to live?
Monique: It’s OK … the main problem we have is our local high street … it used to be a busy centre but lots of shops have gone bust … it must be very difficult to make a profit when you have huge supermarkets in the area and a lot haven’t been able to survive with such cut-throat competition …
Part 2-style task
Describe a business you know that you admire. You should say
- what this business is
- what the business sells
- how long you have known about the business
and say why you like it so much.
Magda: Actually I discovered a business very recently that I like so much I’d like to do something similar in the future … it’s a small niche business that runs courses in how to cook … especially bread … the owner uses his kitchen for the courses and went into business with a local community shop and sells a lot of the bread and cakes they make in the shop … I first got to hear about the business last year … my wife paid for me to do one of the baking courses and I got to know the owner during the training … it’s a lifestyle business really … he doesn’t have plans to take on employees or expand into new areas … he’s happy earning a living doing the thing he loves … I really admire what he does and I’m sure a lot of people would love to do something similar … he has a web presence … in fact that’s how we got to find out about his company … and he uses social media to raise the company profile … but he’s the only person involved in running the business so he’s in complete control of where the business goes … that’s something that must make it really satisfying … as long as he’s managing to balance the books and the cash flow is healthy I’m sure he must be very pleased with what he has achieved …
Part 3-style questions
Examiner: Why do some people decide to set up their own business?
Marion: I suppose it’s the idea of being in control of your own destiny … or of believing in a product or service idea you may have … plus it must be very exciting … launching products … winning contracts … and seeing your sales figures improving must be wonderful …
Examiner: What are some of the dangers involved in starting a business?
Hiro: Well … obviously you need to have a good idea … some people say you need to do market research beforehand so you know what the market wants … if you don’t do this you could go under … and if it is a good idea the chances are someone else is doing the same thing so you could end up facing stiff competition …
Examiner: What are some of things you have to do when running your own business that might not appeal to everyone?
Katy: Personally i don’t like being in debt so taking out a business loan wouldn’t suit me at all … and I know a lot of companies do cold calling to try and drum up business … that’s something I’d hate to do … and laying people off if the business gets into trouble … that would be horrible …