Tài liệu
Tuyển dụng

Chắc hẳn một yếu tố không thể thiếu khi làm đề thi IELTS Reading và sẽ ảnh hưởng tới điểm số của bạn khá nhiều đó là Vocaburlary. Chúng mình hãy cùng test và luyện tập trực tuyến qua bài đọc dưới đây nhé. Cuối bài chúng mình cũng sẽ có phần tổng hợp Vocab và phiên âm nữa nên mong bài viết có ích cho bạn

Climate Change and the Inuit

The threat posed by climate change in the Arctic and the problems faced by Canada’s Inuit people

lake near mountain covered with snow


Unusual incidents are being reported across the Arctic. Inuit families going off on snowmobiles to prepare their summer hunting camps have found themselves cut off from home by a sea of mud, following early thaws. There are reports of igloos losing their insulating properties as the snow drips and refreezes, of lakes draining into the sea as permafrost melts, and sea ice breaking up earlier than usual, carrying seals beyond the reach of hunters. Climate change may still be a rather abstract idea to most of us, but in the Arctic it is already having dramatic effects – if summertime ice continues to shrink at its present rate, the Arctic Ocean could soon become virtually ice-free in summer. The knock-on effects are likely to include more warming, cloudier skies, increased precipitation and higher sea levels. Scientists are increasingly keen to find out what’s going on because they consider the Arctic the ‘canary in the mine’ for global warming – a warning of what’s in store for the rest of the world


For the Inuit the problem is urgent. They live in precarious balance with one of the toughest environments on earth. Climate change, whatever its causes, its direct threat to their way of life. Nobody knows the Arctic as well as the locals, which is why they are not content simply to stand back and let outside experts tell them what’s happening. In Canada, where the Inuit people are jealously guarding their hard-won autonomy in the country’s newest territory, Nunavut; they believe their best hope of survival in this changing environment lies in combining their ancestral knowledge with the best of modern science. This is a challenge in itself


The Canadian Arctic is a vast, treeless polar desert that’s covered with snow for most of the year. Venture into this terrain and you get some idea of the hardships facing anyone who calls this home. Farming is out of the question and nature offers meagre pickings. Humans first settled in the Arctic a mere 4,500 years ago, surviving by exploiting sea mammals and fish. The environment tested them to the limits: sometimes the colonists were successful, sometimes they failed and vanished. But around a thousand years ago, one group emerged that was uniquely well adapted to cope with the Arctic environment. These Thule people moved in from Alaska, bringing kayaks, sledges, dogs, pottery and iron tools. They are the ancestors of today’s Inuit people


Life for the descendants of the Thule people is still harsh. Nunavut is 1.9 million square kilometres of rock and ice, and a handful of islands around the North Pole. It’s currently home to 2,500 people, all but a handful of the indigenous Inuit. Over the past 40 years, most have abandoned their nomadic ways and settled in the territory's 28 isolated communities, but they still rely heavily on nature to provide food and clothing. Provisions available in local shops have to be flown into Nunavut on one of the most costly air networks in the world, or brought by supply ship during the few ice-free weeks of summer. It would cost a family around £7,000 a year to replace meat they obtained themselves through hunting with imported meat. Economic opportunities are scarce, and for many people, state benefits ate their only income


While the Inuit may not actually starve if hunting and trapping are curtailed by climate change, there has certainly been an impact on people’s health. Obesity, heart disease and diabetes are beginning to appear in a people for whom these have never before been problems. There has been a crisis of identity as the traditional skills of hunting, trapping and preparing skins have begun to disappear. In Nuvavut’s igloo and email’ society, where adults who were born in igloos have children who may never have been out on the land, there’s a high incidence of depression


With so much at stake, the Inuit are determined to play a key role in teasing out the mysteries of climate change in the Arctic. Having survived there for centuries, they believe their wealth of traditional knowledge is vital to the task. And the Western scientists are starting to draw on this wisdom, increasingly referred to as ‘Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit’, or IQ. ‘In the early days, scientists ignored us when they came up here to study anything. They just figured these people don’t know very much so we won’t ask them’ says John Amagoalik, an Inuit leader and politician. ‘But in recent years IQ has had much more credibility and weight.’ In fact, it is now a requirement for anyone hoping to get permission to do research that they consult the communities, who are helping to set the research agenda to reflect their most important concerns. They can turn down applications from scientists they believe will work against their interests, or research projects that will impinge too much on their daily lives and traditional activities


Some scientists doubt the value of traditional knowledge because the occupation of the Arctic doesn’t go back far enough. Other, however, point out that the first weather stations in the far north date back just 50 years. There are still huge gaps in our environmental knowledge, and despite the scientific onslaught, many predictions are mo more than best guesses. I could help to bridge the gap and resolve the tremendous uncertainly about how much of what we’re seeing is natural capriciousness and how much is the consequence of human activity

Nguồn: Cambridge IELTS 6


flock of penguins

  1. Incident /ˈɪnsɪdənt/: sự cố
  2. Arctic /ˈɑːktɪk/ Bắc cực
  3. Inuit /ˈɪnjuɪt/người Eskimo
  4. snowmobiles /ˈsnəʊməbiːl/ xe trượt tuyết
  5. thaw /θɔː/ làm tan
  6. insulating /ˈɪnsjuleɪtɪŋ/ cách ly (cách điện, cách nhiệt, cách âm,..)
  7. properties /ˈprɒpəti/ tài sản
  8. drip: chảy thành giọt
  9. drain /dreɪn/ cống, làm khô cạn
  10. permafrost /ˈpɜːməfrɒst/ băng vĩnh cửu
  11. abstract /ˈæbstrækt/ trừu tượng
  12. dramatic /drəˈmætɪk/ kịch tích
  13. virtually /ˈvɜːtʃuəli/hầu như
  14. shrink /ʃrɪŋk/ co lại, thu nhỏ
  15. precipitation /prɪˌsɪpɪˈteɪʃn/lượng mưa
  16. urgent /ˈɜːdʒənt/: khẩn cấp
  17. precarious /prɪˈkeəriəs/ bấp bênh
  18. stand back : đứng lại
  19. guard /ɡɑːd/ bảo vệ
  20. autonomy /ɔːˈtɒni/ tự chủ
  21. territory /ˈterətri/lãnh thổ
  22. ancestral /ænˈsestrəl/ tổ tiên
  23. vast /vɑːst/ rộng lớn, lớn
  24. venture /ˈventʃə(r)/ liên doanh
  25. terrain /təˈreɪn/ địa hình
  26. hardship /ˈhɑːdʃɪp/ khó khăn
  27. mammals /ˈmæml/ động vật có vú
  28. meagre /ˈmiːɡə(r)/ít ỏi
  29. colonist /ˈkɒlənɪst/ thuộc địa
  30. emerge /ɪˈmɜːdʒ/ xuất hiện
  31. adapt /əˈdæpt/ thích nghi
  32. Kayak /ˈkaɪæk/ xuồng bọc da hải cẩu ( của người Eskimo), xuồng kayak
  33. Sledges /sledʒ/ xe trượt tuyết
  34. Pottery /ˈpɒtəri/ đồ gốm
  35. Ancestors /ˈænsestə(r)/ tổ tiên
  36. Descendants /dɪˈsendənt/ hậu duệ
  37. Harsh / hɑːʃ/ khắc nghiệt
  38. Handful /ˈhændfʊl/ số ít
  39. indigenous /ɪnˈdɪdʒənəs / bản địa
  40. nomadic /nəʊˈmædɪk/du mục
  41. Provisions /prəˈvɪʒn/quy định
  42. starve /stɑːv/chết đói
  43. curtailed /kɜːˈteɪl/ giới hạn
  44. diabetes /ˌdaɪəˈbiːtiːz/ bệnh tiểu đường
  45. crisis /ˈkraɪsɪs/ khủng hoảng,
  46. igloo /ˈɪɡluː/ lều tuyết
  47. depression /dɪˈpreʃn/ bệnh trầm cảm
  48. permission /pəˈmɪʃn/ sự cho phép
  49. onslaught /ˈɒnslɔːt/ tấn công
  50. capriciousness /kəˈprɪʃəsnəs/ sự thất thường

Phrasal verbs / Slang words / Idioms

birds eye view of mountain and river

  • find out : tìm ra
  • go off : ngừng hoạt động do hỏng hóc, nổ, hư hỏng (đồ ăn) , rung chuông (đồng hồ báo thức)
  • turn down : giảm xuống
  • point out : chỉ ra
  • The knock-on effects: hiệu ứng kích thích
  • A canary in a mine: cảnh báo trước điều nguy hiểm
  • at stake : bị đe dọa

Mong bạn đã học được kha khá những từ vựng mới hữu ích qua bài đọc trên. Bạn hãy luyện tập thường xuyên để nhớ từ nhé! Chúc bạn ôn tập IELTS tốt!

Bình luận
Đăng ký nhận tư vấn miễn phí