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Trong bài viết này bạn sẽ tìm thấy từ vựng về chủ đề Work. Những từ vựng về công việc này sẽ giúp bạn viết về chủ đề hoặc nói về nó trong bài kiểm tra IELTS của mình.

Bảng từ vựng của chúng mình sẽ có dạng như sau:

Word Definition
An example sentence

I. Work Vocabulary

Employee Someone who is paid to work for someone else.
The company has several hundred employees.
Employer A person or organization that employs people.
Employers monitor their employees very carefully these days.
Employment When someone is paid to work for a company or organization.

Due to the recession, there are thousands of people looking for employment.

I was employed in the company for several years.

Unemployment Not working.

Levels of unemployment in the economy have been rapidly increasing.

He has been unemployed for 6 months now.


To make the same journey regularly between work and home

It is taking longer for people to commute to work because of traffic problems.

Commuting to work everyday by bus is tiring.

Occupation Formal way to say 'job'.
What is your occupation?
Career Working life or a particular job during one's working life that gets better in terms of salary and position.

He is retired now but he had an amazing career ( = succesful working life).

He hopes to have a career in the army

Profession Any type of work which needs special training or a particular skill, often one which is respected because it involves a high level of education.
The teaching profession is not as good as it used to be because salaries have decreased.
Salary / Wages Money paid each month to an employee for their work.

Public sector salaries are not keeping up with inflation.

He receives a good wage because he works for a prestigious company.

Public Sector Businesses and industries that are owned or controlled by the government.
You get a good pension if you work for the public sector, but the salary is not always so good.
Private Sector Businesses and industries that are privately owned.
Most graduates hope to work in the private sector when they finish university as there are more opportunities and the pay is better than the public sector.
Retire To stop working because of old age or ill health.

The retirement age in most countries is 65.

He had to retire early due to ill health.

Flexitime Working a fixed number of hours but having flexibility with start and finish times
They have introduced flexitime at my work place so I usually start at 10am now and finish at 6pm.
Resign / Quit To leave a job.

He resigned from his job yesterday.

Don't quit your job unless you have another one to start.

Fire / Sack /Dismiss

To remove someone from their job, especially because they have done something wrong
He was fired / sacked / dismissed because he was late for work every day.
Vacancy A job position that is not filled and so is available.
I spoke to the company and they said they had several vacancies.
Overtime Working more than your contracted hours.
The employees often work overtime but they are not given extra money so it is not fair.
Shift The time worked in a job that is not normal hours.

She is a nurse so she has to work in shifts. One week she does the morning shift, and then the next week she will do the night shift.

Shift work can be very tiring.

II. Model IELTS Essays - Job Competition

IELTS Essays - Model Answer

It is common these days for older people who need employment to compete with people much younger for the same type of work. While this can create problems, there are steps that can be taken to reduce the impacts.

The main problem is that older people may find it more difficult to secure work, which arises because younger people are more likely to have up-to-date qualifications and experience. For example, information technology is integral to a variety of jobs these days and the skills needed for this are rapidly changing. Young people may well have recent knowledge through university or through using technology in their leisure time. If older people cannot secure work, this leads to other problems. As they are likely to have a family to support, they may not have an adequate income to provide for their children’s education or other such necessities.

It is the government that needs to take measures to ameliorate such problems. This needs to begin with ensuring that older people have all the skills needed to compete in the job market, which could be achieved by providing free training on the most important job requirements at local community colleges, for example. In addition to this, the government needs to encourage employers to change their employment practices by promoting the value of experience that older workers can bring to a job.

To conclude, the main issue with competition for work between these groups is that older people may start to find it more difficult to find work. However, despite this, through the right training and changes to recruitment practices, older people can compete on an equal footing to the younger generation in the jobs market.

(282 Words)

III. Comment

Task Achievement

Bài tiểu luận đề cập đến tất cả các phần của nhiệm vụ vì nó giải thích các vấn đề trong đoạn một và các giải pháp trong đoạn hai. Các ý tưởng chính được phát triển và hỗ trợ tốt.

Tất cả các ý tưởng được trình bày đều liên quan trực tiếp đến các câu hỏi được hỏi và người viết không lạc đề.

Coherence and Cohesion

Bài tiểu luận cũng được tổ chức hợp lý khi nó giới thiệu chủ đề và đưa ra luận điểm trong phần giới thiệu. Mỗi đoạn thân bài sau đó có một chủ đề chính (các vấn đề ở đoạn một và các giải pháp ở đoạn hai), và bài luận kết thúc với một kết luận tóm tắt các ý chính được trình bày.

Một loạt các cụm từ gắn kết cũng được sử dụng tốt để bài tiểu luận có thể được đọc dễ dàng và tất cả các ý tưởng, câu và đoạn văn được liên kết với nhau tốt.

Lexical Resource

Có một loạt các từ vựng được sử dụng có liên quan đến chủ đề và người viết sử dụng các collocations tốt.

Grammatical Range and Accuracy

Ngữ pháp rất chính xác và có một loạt các cấu trúc câu được sử dụng. Có rất nhiều ví dụ về cấu trúc câu phức được sử dụng một cách chính xác, điều này rất quan trọng để đạt điểm cao. Ví dụ:

  • While this can create problems, there are steps that can be taken to reduce the impacts.
  • If they cannot secure work, this leads to other problems.
  • As older people are likely to have a family to support, they may not have an…
  • This needs to begin with ensuring that older people have…
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